|  |  |  |  | 

Windows Server 2022: Different Versions, 2022 vs 2019 vs 2016 Feature differences

icrosoft has announced four primary variants of Windows Server 2022: Essential, Standard, Datacenter, and Datacenter Azure. For all Windows Server 2022 versions, Microsoft is also letting enterprises to have server core and desktop installation choices. The server version installation is for specialized responsibilities such as web or DNS servers. The desktop version is intended for remote desktop sessions that are not hosted by a server.

For enterprises with complicated infrastructures, Windows server is typically a solid solution. It offers enhanced support and integration with other Microsoft products and cloud services. For all of these variations, the minimum hardware requirements stay the same. They contain a 1.4 GHz 64-bit CPU that is x64-compatible. The recommended minimum RAM size is 512MB (2GB for servers with desktop experience installation).

Image showing an array of Windows-powered servers and an IT pro monitoring them on her tablet.
Windows Servers need professional ITs monitoring them.

Windows Server 2022 Standard

The Standard Edition is the most common version of Windows Server 2022. Microsoft built this to help organizations and individuals that own physical equipment. It is also suitable for server configurations with little virtualization.

The basic version includes the core-based licensing system. As a result, a standard version license may only be utilized for two virtual machines and one Hyper-V host.

The $1,069 Standard Edition supports up to 16 cores. Additional licenses must be purchased for each physical core on the CPU in systems with higher requirements. A Client Access License is required for any client that want to connect to a standard edition server (CAL).

Windows Server 2022 Data Center

The Standard Edition is the most common version of Windows Server 2022. Microsoft built this to help organizations and individuals that own physical equipment. It is also suitable for server configurations with little virtualization.

The basic version includes the core-based licensing system. As a result, a standard version license may only be utilized for two virtual machines and one Hyper-V host.

The $1,069 Standard Edition supports up to 16 cores. Additional licenses must be purchased for each physical core on the CPU in systems with higher requirements. A Client Access License is required for any client that want to connect to a standard edition server (CAL).

Image showing the multiple servers in a Data Center
A Data Center is a room of physical computers and servers.

Windows Server 2022 Data Center Azure Edition

The Azure version of Windows Server 2022 from Microsoft is a one-of-a-kind solution. It may be run as a virtual machine in Azure or as part of an Azure Stack HCI cluster. This version is not compatible with bare hardware. It cannot also be deployed or used as a Hyper-V virtual machine. Nonetheless, it provides a host of new features not seen in the Standard or Data Center editions.

The Azure Edition comes with the Hot Patch feature, which allows you to install upgrades without restarting the server. The QUIC Server Message Block provides network access to shared files without the need for a VPN. More details on the Azure Edition and its features may be found here. Microsoft has not yet announced a pricing for this edition.

Windows Server 2022 Essential Edition

 

Microsoft Essential Edition is useful for small businesses and startups with up to 25 employees and 50 devices. This edition of Windows Server 2022 Essentials costs $501 and does not need CALs. Nonetheless, it is restricted to 10 cores and can only handle a single socket and virtual machine.

Table Of Content:

 

 

Digital lock peering through a cascade of binary code.
Robust digital security is the result of strong code and programs.Let’s examine at some of the features that are available in Windows Server 2022 editions. You may then decide if it is advantageous to upgrade to Windows Server 2022.

Why Upgrade to Windows Server 2022?

Windows Server 2022 has some features that were not available in Windows Server 2019. Windows Defender and malware protection are included in all editions of Windows Server 2022.

Let’s categorize these enhancements and basic features into three categories.

You may then decide if it is advantageous to upgrade to Windows Server 2022.

1. Improved Security

Microsoft has consistently increased the security of all of its services and products. The Windows Server 2022 is no different. It has three major security enhancements: hardware trust, firmware protection, and virtual environment security.

Other significant security improvements include AES-256 and SMB East-West encryption services, secure DNS using DNS-over-HTTPS, HTTPS, and TLS 1.3, Azure Arc, Azure Automanage, and more.

Image showcasing a glowing, digital imprinted lock symbol, emphasizing the importance of digital security.
Digital Cybersecurity is more than just a lock-and-key.

Windows Server 2022 also includes Secured-Core Server. This prevents harmful malware from infiltrating the hardware, firmware, and operating systems. It takes use of both the Trusted Platform Module 2.0 and Windows Defender System Guard.

2. Improvements in Azure Capabilities

Azure Server Message Block use the QUIC (Quick UDP Internet Connection) protocol (SMB). It does not employ the industry-standard Transport Control Protocol (TCP). This allows you to connect to Azure file servers regardless of your location without the need for a VPN.

 

You may connect to Azure Arc. on Windows Server 2022. This enables you to use cloud services with on-premises Windows Server 2022. SMB compression may also help file server upgrades.

Image showcasing the Microsoft Azure as a literal cloud, connected to different modules like security, scalability, worldwide access, hybrid capability, and flexibility.
Many features are raining from the Microsoft Azure cloud.

3. Application Platform Enhancements

Furthermore, Windows Server 2022 has a number of application platform enhancements. It provides a flexible framework for container app upgrades. It is capable of running large-scale, mission-critical applications such as SQL server, which requires at least 48 TB of RAM. Microsoft says that Server 2022 loads up to 30% faster than the previous version due to its smaller container size.

All of these new Windows Server 2022 features improve the user experience. Let’s see what else has changed in this latest Windows Server version.

Features Removed or Discontinued in Windows Server 2022

Microsoft elected to forgo or discontinue development of some major features featured in previous Windows Servers. Let’s have a look at the features that will be missing from Windows Server 2022.

Internet Storage Name Service (iSNS) Server

Since Windows Server 1709, Microsoft has been considering removing the iSNS service. However, they just recently made the decision, and this service will be phased out in Windows Server 2022. Having said that, you may still connect to iSNS servers and add iSCSI targets manually.

Guarded Fabric and Shielded Virtual machines

Microsoft said that they will no longer offer guarded fabric and shielded VMs in an attempt to unify Windows Server with Azure. However, they will continue to support these features.

Windows Deployment Services (WDS)

Beginning with Windows Server 2022, Microsoft will phase down the operating system deployment functionality of WDS. This, however, will have no impact on present procedures.

Semi-Annual Channels (SACs)

Microsoft claimed that Long-Term Servicing Route (LTSC) will replace SACs as their primary release channel as part of their customer-centric approach.

 

FAQs

 

What is a VM?

A virtual machine(VM) is a computer system that has been virtualized or emulated. A VM-based platform may operate as many virtual machines as required on a single system. The only limitation would be a lack of hardware. Administrators may start and stop virtual machines as required. Using some clever programming, you can create VMs with more hard drive space than the VM hosting computer. The VM will fail if a system tries to use more space than is available. The primary benefit of a VM is that it can be easily backed up and moved across computers. They may also be run from an external hard drive, making them very versatile.

What is SMB compression?

SMB Compression is a feature of Microsoft’s Windows operating system. It allows an administrator, user, or program to request and perform file compression when data are sent over a network. Both computers’ increased CPU use compensates for the decreased data transfer speed. The total latency to access delivered data does not justify SMB compression for small file sizes. Simply request larger files to see its true worth.

 

 

What is Azure Arc?

Azure Arc is a Microsoft’s latest cloud service offering. It simplifies the management of complex and scattered infrastructures spanning on-premises, edge, and multi-cloud platforms. This means that all data, regardless of device, is updated to give a “single source of truth.” That’s great for businesses with onsite workers, especially if they need to stay up to date on the latest support calls or project updates from in-house teams. The more information shared, the less doubt will exist between the teams.

 

What are containers?

Containers are software solutions that facilitate deployment. They essentially package and separate applications and their dependencies. A single container may house anything from a small microservice, application, or software process to a massive application.

 

 

What is QUIC?

QUIC is a hybrid multiplexed transport layer protocol that may be used for a variety of purposes. It is built on top of UDP. It is often faster, features connection migration, and supports transport expansion. As a consequence, it is much more dependable than many other transport protocols.

Resources

 

Windows Server 2022 Pricing

Find out more about the Windows Server 2022 pricing here.

Microsoft Azure Arc

Discover more about Microsoft Azure Arc here!

Windows Server 2022: Feature comparison

Compare Windows Server 2022’s features and how they fare in different versions from this Microsoft document.

 

 

windows server 2022 vs 2019 vs 2016

In this post, we will look at the new features in Windows Server 2022 and how they vary from Windows Server 2019 and 2016. We’ll also find out the features Microsoft has deleted from Windows Server 2022.

Windows Server 2022: Hardware Requirements

To install it, your system should have the following hardware requirements for Windows Server 2022:

  1. Processor: Your system should have a 1.4 GHz 64-bit processor compatible with the x64 architecture.
  2. RAM: To install Windows Server 2022, your system should have a minimum of 512 MB of RAM.
  3. Network: The NIC card on your system should be capable of supporting at least 1 GBPS bandwidth.
  4. Storage: At least 32 GB of disk space is required to install Windows Server 2022.

 

 

Windows Server 2022 did not arrive with the fanfare of other Windows Server versions, but organizations with particular needs will appreciate the advancements to this server OS release.

For many years, Microsoft has provided Standard and Datacenter versions of its Windows Server operating systems, and Windows Server 2022 is no different. However, the company did announce a new product called Windows Server 2022 Datacenter Azure edition. This version, as the name implies, attaches server workloads more closely to the Microsoft cloud platform and offers unique possibilities to tempt customers that want easier patching and other advantages.

Microsoft decided to withdraw the Windows Server Semi-Annual Channel, which was aimed at organizations interested in developing server technologies, in favor of the Long-Term Servicing Channel, which provides a big feature release every two years. According to Microsoft’s fixed lifespan approach, all Windows Server 2022 versions will get five years of mainstream support followed by five years of extended support. While Microsoft often recommends a new installation of its server operating system, Windows Server 2022 allows for in-place upgrades from the previous two Windows Server editions.

Windows Server 2022 hardware limitations

The basic hardware requirements are listed before are insufficient to run a job at a decent performance level. Even Microsoft’s own documentation specifies 800 MB of RAM as the minimum required for installing Windows Server 2022. If necessary, after installing Windows Server, the RAM may be lowered to 512 MB. As a recommended practice, organizations should match server hardware to workload.

The Standard Edition and the Datacenter Edition may both run on an unlimited number of cores, however each edition is limited to 64 sockets, all of which must be 64-bit. Both models, similarly, offer up to 48 TB of RAM.

Any Trusted Platform Module (TPM) features, like as BitLocker Drive Encryption and secured-core server, will need the installation of a TPM 2.0 chip in the hardware.

Microsoft deprecated features in Windows Server 2022

Certain features are deprecated each time Microsoft releases a new Windows Server version. Microsoft removed the Internet Storage Name Service from Windows Server 2022, which was used to find and communicate with iSCSI servers on the network.

Microsoft has also discontinued development of the guarded fabric and shielded virtual machines introduced with Windows Server 2016, but will continue to support them.

Administrators who use Windows Server’s server core version should be informed that Microsoft plans to halt development of the Server Configuration tool (sconfig) and remove it from the next edition of Windows Server. The sconfig utility will continue to run upon sign-in, but PowerShell will replace the command prompt as the default shell in Windows Server 2022.

Microsoft will also discontinue development of the Windows Deployment Services boot.wim image deployment and the deactivation of the Local Security Authority Remote Protocol interface, which is used to access to Encrypting File System encrypted files over the network.

What’s in the Windows Server 2022 Standard edition?

Windows Server 2022 Standard was developed by Microsoft for physical computers or lightly virtualized environments. The $1,069 Standard version offers up to 16 cores. In systems with more than 16 cores, additional licenses will be needed for each physical core on the CPU. Each client who connects to a Standard edition server must also have a Client Access License (CAL).

Windows Server 2022 Standard has the same feature set as the Datacenter version, with a few small modifications. Storage Replica, for example, is restricted to a single partnership with one resource group and a 2 TB volume in Standard edition. Similarly, Standard edition only permits inherited activation when running as a guest on a Datacenter edition server. The standard version does not support software-defined networking or Storage Spaces Direct.

The primary difference between the Standard and Datacenter editions is in virtual-machine licensing. Both versions support an unbounded number of Windows Server containers. In contrast, the Standard edition limits this to two operating systems per license, suggesting that a Standard edition server may only run a parent operating system and a single Hyper-V virtual machine or Hyper-V container. In contrast, a Datacenter edition license allows for an unlimited number of Hyper-V virtual machines or Hyper-V containers.

What’s in the Windows Server 2022 Datacenter edition?

Windows Server 2022 Datacenter is marketed by Microsoft for usage in highly virtualized settings such as data centers and clouds. A Datacenter license costs $6,155 at retail.

This license, like the Standard version, enables Windows Server to operate on up to 16 cores, with extra licenses needed for CPUs with more cores. Each client that connects to the server must also have a CAL.

What’s in the Windows Server 2022 Datacenter Azure edition?

Microsoft developed Windows Server 2022 Standard for physical machines or minimally virtualized environments. The Standard version costs $1,069 and supports up to 16 cores. Additional licenses will be needed for each physical core on the CPU in systems with more than 16 cores. A Client Access License is also needed for each client that connects to a Standard edition server (CAL).

With a few minor exceptions, Windows Server 2022 Standard has the same feature set as the Datacenter version. For example, the Storage Replica capability in Standard edition is restricted to a single partnership with one resource group and a 2 TB volume. Similarly, when running as a guest on a Datacenter edition server, Standard edition only supports inherited activation. The standard version does not support software-defined networking or Storage Spaces Direct software-defined storage.

The most major difference between the Standard and Datacenter editions is in virtual-machine licensing. Both versions support an unlimited number of Windows Server containers. The Standard edition, on the other hand, limits this to two operating systems per license, suggesting that a Standard edition server may only run a parent operating system and a single Hyper-V virtual machine or Hyper-V container. A Datacenter edition license, on the other hand, allows for an unlimited number of Hyper-V virtual machines or Hyper-V containers.

For smaller organizations, the Essentials editions is another option

Microsoft now offers a Windows Server 2022 Essentials edition designed for small businesses with up to 25 users and 50 devices. Although it is limited to 10 cores, one socket, and one virtual machine, Windows Server 2022 Essentials costs $501 and does not need CALs. The feature set is the same as in the Standard edition. Windows Server 2022 Essentials is only available to a few server hardware partners.

 

Windows Server 2022 vs Windows Server 2019 vs Windows Server 2016

Windows Server 2022 vs Windows Server 2019 vs Windows Server 2016

We’ve detailed the features of Windows Server 2022 and compared them to earlier versions, 2016, and 2019.

Storage

Storage enhancements are planned for Windows Server 2022. Microsoft has included improved storage to Windows Server 2022 to help with data management. Let’s have a look at some of the new storage features in Windows Server 2022:

Storage Migration Service
Storage repair speed may be changed.
Repair and resynchronization times are cut in half.
SMB compression

1] Storage Migration Service Storage Migration Service’ target=”/]

Using Windows Server 2022, users may easily migrate storage to Azure and Windows Server 2022. While running Storage Migration Server, users may continue to use the following features:

Local groups and users should be moved to the new server.
Storage should be migrated from a Samba-enabled Linux server.
Change to new networks.
Synchronize the transferred data to Azure using Azure File Sync.

Windows Server 2019 also supports Storage Migration Service, however Storage Migration Service has been improved for Server 2022. However, Storage Migration Service is not supported in Windows Server 2016.

2] Adjustable storage repair speed Adjustable storage repair speed’ target=”/]

Microsoft introduced this new functionality in Windows Server 2022. With this capability, users will have more control over the data resync process. They may use active workloads and restore data copies to better service their clusters.

3] Faster repair and synchronization Faster repair and synchronization’ target=”/]

Storage repair and resynchronization following events such as node reboots and disk failures have been expedited in Windows Server 2022. The time required by the server to do a repair will now be less variable, enabling you to be more confident of how long the whole operation will take to complete.

4] SMB compression SMB compression’ target=”/]

In Windows Server 2022, you do not need to use a third-party program to compress files. SMB compression enables you to compress data as they transit over a network. Microsoft has included a new capability to Windows Server 2022. It is not supported by Windows Server 2016 or 2019.

Security

In Windows Server 2019, Microsoft introduces the Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection functionality. This feature, also known as ATP, identifies potentially harmful activities using machine learning algorithms to protect an organization’s data from cyber attacks. Because of the rising amount of cybercrimes and attacks, Microsoft has decided to strengthen security measures and make Windows Server more secure than before. Security features such as built-in Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection, Shielded VMs for Windows Server and Linux, and others are no longer available in Windows Server 2016.

Windows Server 2022’s security version has been improved. Microsoft’s three key security advances in Windows Server 2022 are noted below. These security features did not exist in Windows Server 2016 or 2019.

  1. Hardware root-of-trust security
    Firmware security
    The virtual environment’s security

1] Hardware root-of-trust Hardware root-of-trust’ target=”/]

TPM 2.0 is needed for Windows Server 2022, which provides users with a secure, hardware-based repository for sensitive cryptographic keys and data. Bitlocker disk encryption, a feature of Windows Server 2022, also makes use of Hardware root-of-trust technology.

2] Firmware protection Firmware protection’ target=”/]

Microsoft has introduced secure-core server CPUs to improve the security of Firmware. These CPUs use the DRTM (Dynamic Root of Trust for Measurement) technology to evaluate and validate the boot routines. Furthermore, CPUs use DMA (Direct Memory Access) protection technology to isolate driver memory access.

3] Virtual environment technology Virtual environment technology’ target=”/]

On Secured-core servers, VBS (Virtualization-based Security) is supported, which uses hardware virtualization features to produce and separate the secure region of memory from the ordinary OS. This will help to safeguard users’ data from the different vulnerabilities used in bitcoin mining attacks.

The above-mentioned security changes make Windows Server 2022 more secure than its predecessors, Windows Server 2019 and 2016.

Networking

The most current TLS version is used by Windows Server 2022. (Transport Layer Security). TLS encrypts the communication between two nodes. As a consequence, Windows Server 2022 offers more secure network connections to users.

TFO (TCP Fast Open) was introduced by Microsoft in Windows Server 2016 to reduce the time required to establish a TCP connection. Furthermore, by combining the TCP Tail Loss Probe (TLP) and RACK, Microsoft improved TCP behavior in Windows Server 2016 to reduce packet loss during data transmission.

In comparison to previous versions, Windows Server 2022 offers an improved version of TCP (Transmission Control Protocol). This improved TCP will help to improve network connection. Windows Server 2022 use TCP HyStart++ to reduce packet loss during connection establishment. This is the most efficient method for establishing high-speed internet connections. In addition, Microsoft has added RACK technology in Windows Server 2022 to reduce RTOs (Retransmit TimeOuts).

Customers will have a better networking experience with Windows Server 2022 than with previous versions.

Cloud Management

Cloud Management is an important requirement when it comes to remote work. Windows Server 2022 will give better cloud management than Windows Server 2016 and 2019.
Microsoft has improved Cloud Management in a number of ways. One of these advancements is the inclusion of Hybrid Clouds in Windows Server 2022. Hybrid Cloud technology enables on-demand app compatibility.

Windows Admin Center

The Windows Admin Center in Windows Server 2022 has been improved. Automatic Windows Admin Center updates and an Event workspace for data monitoring, both of which were unavailable in Windows Server 2016 and 2019, are now available in Windows Server 2022.

Download PDF

Microsoft has released a PDF talking about its features which you can download here from microsoft.com.

Features discontinued in Windows Server 2022

windows server 2022

Microsoft has removed certain features from Windows Server 2022. Previously, these functionalities were accessible in earlier versions of Windows Server.

  1. Microsoft has said that the SAC (Semi-annual Channel) would be phased away in Windows Server 2022 in favor of a long-term maintenance channel.
  2. iSNS (Internet Storage Name Service) Server: You will be unable to use the iSNS in Windows Server 2022 since Microsoft has decommissioned it.
  3. Guarded Fabric and Shielded Virtual Machines: This feature is still supported in Windows Server 2022, although Microsoft has stopped working on it.
  4. WDS (Windows Deployment Services): Microsoft has announced that the WDS operating system would be decommissioned.

Should you upgrade to Windows Server 2022?

Windows Server 2022, among other things, increases connection, security, Cloud Management, and Windows Admin Center functionality over Windows Servers 2016 and 2019. Furthermore, Windows Server 2022 will have several new features not seen in Windows Server 2016 or 2019. As a result, upgrading from previous Windows Server editions to Windows Server 2022 is prudent, but the ultimate choice is yours.

ReadWhat is Windows Server and how does it differ from Windows?

What is the difference between Server 2019 and Server 2022?

With Windows Server 2022, Microsoft improves on key aspects of Windows Server 2019. For example, Windows Server 2022 provides stronger security features than Windows Server 2019. In addition to security, Microsoft has focused storage, Windows Admin Center, networking, and other features in Server 2019. Apart from bringing improved features from Windows Server 2019 to Windows Server 2022, Microsoft has also included certain unique features in Windows Server 2022, such as TCP HyStart++ networking technology, which helps reduce packet loss, automatic Windows Admin Center upgrades, and so on.

Furthermore, some functionalities offered in Windows Server 2019 will be unavailable in Windows Server 2022, such as iSNS, SAC, and so on.

Final Thoughts

Microsoft’s Windows Server 2022 includes security, Azure capabilities, networking, and application platform advances. It comes in four flavors: normal, data center, Azure data center, and essential. This indicates that it can serve a wide range of business use cases.

Nonetheless, with the upcoming 2022 edition, Microsoft will delete numerous features from the previous Windows Server 2019 version.

If Our Method Resolve Your Problem Consider To Share This Post, You can help more People Facing This Problem and also, if you want, you can Subscribe at Our Youtube Channel as Well!